Basic Photography Tips You Must Know and Not Avoid as a Beginner (part-2)
Use Simple Backgrounds
The simple approach is usually the best in digital photography, and you have to decide what needs to be in the shot, while not including anything that is a distraction.
If possible, choose a plain background – in other words, neutral colors and simple patterns. You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of color or an odd building in the background. This is especially vital in a shot where the model is placed off center.
Don’t use Flash Indoors
Flash can look harsh and unnatural specially for indoor portraits. Therefore, there are various ways you can take an image indoors without resorting to flash.
First, push the ISO up – usually ISO 800 to 1600 will make a big difference for the shutter speed you can choose. Use the widest aperture possible – this way more light will reach the sensor, and you’ll have a nice blurred background. Using a tripod or an I.S. (Image Stabilization) lens is also a great way to avoid blur.
If flash is your last option, then use a flash with a head you can rotate, and point the light to the ceiling on an angle.
Choose the right ISO
The ISO setting determines how sensitive your camera is to light and also how fine the grain of your image.
The ISO we choose depends on the situation – when it’s dark we need to push the ISO up to higher number, say anything from 400 – 3200 as this will make the camera more sensitive to light, and then we can avoid blurring.
On sunny days we can choose ISO 100 or the Auto setting as we have more light to work with.
Experiment with Shutter Speed
Don’t be afraid to play with the shutter speed to create some interesting effects.
When taking a night time shot, use a tripod and try shooting with the shutter speed set at 4 seconds. You will see that the movement of the object is captured along with some light trails.
If you choose a faster shutter speed of say 1/250th of a second, the trails will not be as long or bright; instead, you will freeze the action.
Try shooting other compositions with moving objects or backgrounds such as waves on a beach, crowds of people walking, cars commuting, with different shutter speeds to either capture blurred movement or snapshots that freeze everything sharply in time.
Check out Photography Tips for Beginners (part-1)